Berikut adalah hasil diskusi bulanan yang diselenggarakan oleh PPI Hyderabad. Diskusi ini diselenggarakan pada hari Minggu, 28 Desember 2014 di Rumah Merdeka, Sai Ram Residency, Sainikpuri, Hyderabad.
A Nutshell of Majapahit His-Story
By Heru Saputra
Student of MA English
at Osmania University, Hyderabad
Majapahit, one of the greatest kingdoms in its era (13-16th Century), cannot be separated from the history of the Republic of Indonesia which gained its independence in 1945. The important thing of Majapahit can be seen in naming the Indonesian Archipelago which is known as Nusantara that it comes from Majapahit.
The name of Nusantara is derived from Sanskrit; Nusa means “Islands” and Antara means “outside”. Nusantara was used to name the islands outside the Majapahit area. The word ¨Nusantara¨ can be traced from Gajahmada’s oath which very famous at that time at his inauguration ceremonial for being Patih (chief minister for a king) of Majapahit, which is recorded in Pararaton’s book, that Patih Gadjah Mada would never eat palapa fruit before Nusantara became one. Now that oat was known as Sumpah Amukti Palapa.
Majapahit was a very great kingdom. Its empire covered a region which stretched from Sumatra to Papua. Even, Malaka which is now known as Malaysia was part of Majapahit. Majapahit was built in 1293 AD by Raden Wijaya who later became the king and got his title as Shree Kertarajasha Jayawardhana. Majapahit’s existence was well known around the world. In the 13t Century, there were only two large kingdoms in Asia, Majapahit and the Chinese Emperor.
The symbol of Majapahit is the sun. Its flag was red and white, symbolizing white blood from the father and red blood from the mother. Both symbolize true nationalism. Love to bumi pertiwi, Whira Bhumi. In its time, Majapahit was thought of as a super power, comparable to the modern USA or Britain. Its center of governance was in Trowulan, East Java.
Pupuh 1 Kakawin Negara Kertagama by Empu Prapanca describes how Shivaism and Buddha coexisted harmoniously in Majapahit. It was a point of pride in the era that religion was not used as a force on the people. They believe that being associated or labelled by a religion is not very important as what they pursue is a higher form of spirituality. Now, of the best examples about civilization from Majapahit which still exist, especially in religion are Bali and Tengger in East Java.
At the end of the discussion, Heru Saputra as the first speaker concluded that there are three characteristics which would come back from Majapahit. First, Majapahit would come again. Second, it became a country and now we can identify Indonesia as modern Majapahit. Third, all Indonesian presidents were predicted would from Majapahit’s heir and that was true because we know that all Indonesian presidents were from Java and the last was the king would be worshiping.
Personality of Human Being
By Nadia Ingrida
Student of B.Com.
at Osmania University, Hyderabad
In the beginning Nadia as the second speaker explained about personality of human being. She highlighted that everyone has different personality. There are four kinds of human personality comprising sanguine as popular person, choleric as strong person, melancholic as perfect person, and phlegmatic as love peace person. Despite their strength, there is also weakness. In order to know our personality, she gave the simple test. In this test, we are sought to answer the questions about our weakness and strength.
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Perhimpunan Pelajar Indonesia di India